台湾| 武陵源| 怀来| 巴塘| 确山| 宜君| 新都| 禄丰| 万盛| 永春| 海晏| 临淄| 仙桃| 叶县| 唐县| 当雄| 奉化| 大姚| 惠农| 攸县| 墨脱| 景洪| 岳西| 西丰| 长春| 西峡| 乌审旗| 榕江| 宜兴| 冷水江| 加查| 安顺| 拉萨| 奈曼旗| 遵化| 仙桃| 武冈| 黄山区| 大连| 平度| 西乡| 阳曲| 百色| 阜宁| 汉口| 英德| 平昌| 德庆| 察隅| 甘泉| 巴里坤| 荥阳| 金溪| 武隆| 平江| 康平| 津市| 平定| 汝城| 柳州| 新丰| 阿荣旗| 宁武| 监利| 孝义| 德钦| 铁山港| 抚松| 班玛| 土默特右旗| 威宁| 旅顺口| 崇州| 雷波| 芷江| 勐海| 宝兴| 长春| 贵南| 黄岛| 南安| 乌马河| 桃园| 龙南| 青冈| 张家口| 共和| 井研| 贡嘎| 余干| 西盟| 竹山| 宁阳| 珲春| 范县| 永济| 宁河| 醴陵| 赤峰| 永胜| 平昌| 怀远| 萨嘎| 威宁| 乌拉特前旗| 崇州| 洪湖| 襄汾| 越西| 磐安| 遂溪| 鹤壁| 南沙岛| 鄂州| 北碚| 蛟河| 东乌珠穆沁旗| 杞县| 大化| 贵定| 南木林| 鸡东| 无为| 略阳| 张掖| 柯坪| 鹤峰| 钟山| 开封市| 乡宁| 樟树| 大洼| 阿荣旗| 楚雄| 晴隆| 祁东| 邹平| 同江| 天门| 平江| 东营| 汶上| 招远| 平邑| 武夷山| 靖州| 彝良| 礼县| 遂平| 奎屯| 平利| 准格尔旗| 徐水| 丽江| 正安| 铜鼓| 兴海| 吴江| 吴堡| 酒泉| 盈江| 汨罗| 章丘| 沁阳| 玛沁| 丁青| 广汉| 四方台| 德昌| 临安| 德州| 甘棠镇| 石棉| 乌恰| 登封| 鄂州| 岷县| 海沧| 新疆| 绍兴县| 盐边| 沾化| 吴川| 济南| 湖口| 麻城| 蕉岭| 冠县| 长阳| 清镇| 龙泉驿| 罗源| 乌拉特中旗| 开鲁| 墨竹工卡| 金山| 深泽| 遵义市| 白云矿| 雷州| 无为| 营口| 靖远| 扶绥| 洋县| 唐海| 长白| 华安| 彰武| 砚山| 来凤| 元阳| 新竹县| 山丹| 若尔盖| 林西| 马鞍山| 泉州| 阳江| 武隆| 祥云| 夏邑| 金乡| 康保| 久治| 肥城| 科尔沁右翼中旗| 松潘| 怀宁| 涟水| 广饶| 宁南| 攸县| 苏家屯| 驻马店| 张家界| 长治市| 山亭| 高雄市| 永济| 内黄| 杨凌| 洞头| 金乡| 麟游| 喜德| 云龙| 襄阳| 易门| 长汀| 博山| 旬邑| 歙县| 武宣| 米易| 桦南| 长乐| 茶陵| 古县| 揭东| 诸城| 名山| 宁南|

1978年中国城市人均居住面积比1950年下降多少?

2019-09-17 01:17 来源:京华网

  1978年中国城市人均居住面积比1950年下降多少?

  AwomanisseenatGhandrukvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)MulescarryingemptygascylindersproceedtowardsGhandrukvillagefromChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)PeoplecarryironnetsusedforconstructionatChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)AmanworksinthefieldatChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)LocalscutthehairofsheepatChhomrongvillageofKaskidistrictinNepal,June6,2018.(Xinhua/SunilSharma)TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()A30-meter-tallmatryoshkadoll,deemedthelargestofitskindworldwide,hasbecomeamajorattractioninManchuria,China,anditissurroundedby30exquisiteEastereggtryosh,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()

Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)Anindependentformationof55femalehonorguardsofthePeoplesLibera,whousedtostandwiththemalehonorguardssincetheirdebutin2014,areappearingasanindependentformationforthefirsttime.(Photo/Xinhua)ChenZhe,aresearcherwiththeNanjingInstituteofGeologyandPaleontologyattheChineseAcademyofSciences,showstheearliestknownfootprintsleftbyananimalonearth,whichdatebackatleast541millionyears,inNanjing,JiangsuProvince,June7,StatesfoundthetracksintheThreeGorgesareaandpublishedtheirreportintheUSjournalScienceAdvances.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)ChenZhe,aresearcherwiththeNanjingInstituteofGeologyandPaleontologyattheChineseAcademyofSciences,showstheearliestknownfootprintsleftbyananimalonearth,whichdatebackatleast541millionyears,inNanjing,JiangsuProvince,June7,StatesfoundthetracksintheThreeGorgesareaandpublishedtheirreportintheUSjournalScienceAdvances.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)ChenZhe,aresearcherwiththeNanjingInstituteofGeologyandPaleontologyattheChineseAcademyofSciences,showstheearliestknownfootprintsleftbyananimalonearth,whichdatebackatleast541millionyears,inNanjing,JiangsuProvince,June7,StatesfoundthetracksintheThreeGorgesareaandpublishedtheirreportintheUSjournalScienceAdvances.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)ChenZhe,aresearcherwiththeNanjingInstituteofGeologyandPaleontologyattheChineseAcademyofSciences,showstheearliestknownfootprintsleftbyananimalonearth,whichdatebackatleast541millionyears,inNanjing,JiangsuProvince,June7,StatesfoundthetracksintheThreeGorgesareaandpublishedtheirreportintheUSjournalScienceAdvances.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)

  AsignforapolicecheckstandsneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,oplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-unwillbeheldattheCapellaResort.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)AsignforapolicecheckstandsneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersareseenneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,oplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-unwillbeheldattheCapellaResort.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)AsignforapolicecheckstandsneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)PassengersareseenatSentosaStationonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AtramrunsonSentosaIsland,AsiasleadingleisuredestinationandSingaporespremierislandgetaway,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AviewfromthetramonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)TouristsareseenonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AviewofsceneryneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)AshuttlebusonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)WorkerserectafenceneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)WorkerserectafenceneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersareseenneartheCapellaResortonSentosaIsland,Singapore,June10,oplesRepublicofKoreasupremeleaderKimJong-unwillbeheldattheCapellaResort.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaoJianjun)Dancersperformduringalightshowandfireworksdisplayheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaoJianjun)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/DuYang)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/DuYang)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ShengJiapeng)Dancersperformduringalightshowandfireworksdisplayheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaoJianjun)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ShengJiapeng)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ShengJiapeng)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/DuYang)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangYong)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangYong)

  FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)TheGroupofSeven(G7)summit,whichkickedoffhereonFriday,isexpectedtobeatoughme,theworldsmostpowerfulindustrializedcountriesincludingCanada,France,Germany,Italy,Britain,JapanandtheUnitedStates,meeteveryyeartodiscusscollaborationonissueslikeworldeconomy,climatechange,,Quebec,uelMacrononissuesconcerningtradeandtheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK),ssummitincludeincreasingin,theconfrontationoverWashingtonsunilateraldecisiontoimposemetaltariffsonimportsfromtheEuropeanUnion(EU)srejectionoftheglobalclimateaccordandIrannucleardealhavealsodividedtheG7."Itappearstobeoneagains,"saidPerrinBeatty,presidentandchiefexecutiveofficerofthe200,000-memberCanadianChamberofCommerce,slargestbusinessassociationisatanearbymediacenterlookingforsignsastowhetherCanada,theUnitedKingdom,France,Germany,ItalyandJapan--andtheEuropeanUnion(EU)asaparticipant--canconvincetheUnitedStatestorethinkitsanti-tradestrategy."Whatwehaveisapresidentwhohasunderminedthetrustoftheothersixleadersaroundthetable,andthatwillmakeitmuchmoredifficulttohaveacommonfrontonotherissuesaswell,"saidBeatty,,CanadafollowedtheEUsthattargetthehomestatesofprominentRepublicanmembersofCongress,suchasfruitjamsfromWisconsin--thehomestateofHouseSpeakerPaulRyan--andwhiskiesfromKentucky,--thehomestateofSenateMajorityLeaderMitchMcConnell."Wearehurtandwereinsulted,"saidCanadianFohwouldcomeintoeffectonJuly1iftheTrumpadministrationdidntwithdrawitsimporttaxes--to",andtryingtofind,whereverpossible,aCanadianorothersuppliertoprovidetheproducts."However,hesaidCanadasbusinesscommunityhasa"realconcern"withhowTrumpisattackingwhatshouldbethegoalofhaving"freeandopen"trade."Weveseenasuccessionofm,economies,"saidBeatty."Yetheseemsoblivioustotheconsequences."ncreasedcostsfornewspaperpublishersandnowimperilsthefateoflocalpapersacrosstheUnitedStates,ssoftwoodlumberindustry,butthathasresultedindrivingupthecostofhousingandfurnitureintheUnitedStatesandmakingAmericanfurnituremanufacturerslesscompetitive,sautoindustry,whichexportsabout80percentofthevehiclesitmanufacturestotheUnitedStates,orCanadasdairyindustry,basedonthepresidentsrecenttweetthat"CanadahastreatedourAgriculturalbusinessandFarmersverypoorlyforaverylongperiodoftime."AlloftheseactionsfurthererodeanyhopethattheNorthAmericanFreeTradeAgreement,currentlyunderrenegotiationbytheUnitedStates,CanadaandMexico,willsurvive,accordingtoBeatty."PresidentTrumphasmadeitclearthatheislessinterestedinhavinganagreementwhentheUnitedStateswinsthaninhavingonewhereeveryoneloses,"hesaid.",whetheryouareacustomerorasupplier,youwanttoensurethatbothhaveafairdealthatismutuallybeneficialandyouneverwantasituationwheresomeonefeelsvictimized.""YetthisseemstobePresidentTrumpfotherslose,"hewaselectedtotheHouseofCommonsasaMemberofParliamentforthethen-ProgressiveConservativePartyattheageof22."Ihaveneverseenaninstancelikethiswheredoingtradewitheachotheri,,diplomatically,culturallyandeconomicallythanwithanyothercountryintheworld,"JustinTrudeau,FrenchPresidentMacronandtheEUontradeissues,sayingheislookingforwardto"straighteningoutunfairTradeDeals",theleadershopetosignajoiloftensionbetweentheUnitedStatesanditsalliesindecades,fromtradetotheIrandealtoNAFTA,,Trumptweetedthathewas"gettingreadytogototheG-7inCanadatofightforourcountryonTrade."ButotherG7leaderswerepreparingforanAmericamorealonethaneverbefore,andnowTrumpfacestheveryrealriskofalliesteamingupagainsthim,thearticlesaid."TheAmericanpresidentmaynotmindbeingisolated,butneitherdowemindsigninga6countryagreementifneedbe,"MacrontweetedlateronThursday."UnderTrump,AmericafirstreallyisturningouttobeAmericaAlone,"theNewYorkersG7summit,,theFrenchpresidentsofficesaidFriday.

Arobotpatrolsthemediacenterofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitonThursday.(Photo:LiHao/GT)WiththeapproachoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,volunteersprovideassistanceforin,“66”,securityrobot“Haihai”anddeliveryrobot“DianXiaoer.”Securityrobot“Haihai”cancarryout24-hourautonhemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)Volunteersworkatthemediacenterreceptiondeskofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)Volunteersstandatattentioninthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)JournalistsprepareinthemediacenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)

  TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()A30-meter-tallmatryoshkadoll,deemedthelargestofitskindworldwide,hasbecomeamajorattractioninManchuria,China,anditissurroundedby30exquisiteEastereggtryosh,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()TheMatryoshkaPiazzainManchuria,NorthChinasInnerMongoliaautonomousregion,June5,2018.()

  TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)

  Thislow-angleself-portraitofNASAsCuriosityMarsrovershowsthevehicleatthesitefromwhichitreacheddowntodrillintoarocktargetcalled"Buckskin"onlowerMountSharp.(Photo/Agencies)NASA’sCuriosityroverhasfoundnewevidencepreservedinrocksonMarsthatsuggeststheplanetcouldhavesupportedancientlife,aswellasnewevidenceintheMart,thesefindingsareagoodsignforfuturemissionsexploringtheplanet’“tough”organicmoleculesinthree-billion-year-oldsedimentaryrocksnearthesurface,aswellasseasonalvariationsinthelevelsofm,andalsomayincludeoxygen,,organicmoleculesalsocanbecreatedbynon-biologicalprocessesandarenotnecessarilyindicatorsoflife.“Withthesenewfindings,Marsistellingustostaythecourseandkeepsearchingforevidenceoflife,”saidThomasZurbuchen,associateadministratorfortheScienceMissionDirectorateatNASAHeadquarters,inWashington.“I’mconfidentthatourongoingandplannedmissionswillunlockevenmorebreathtakingdiscoveriesontheRedPlanet.”Thisself-portraitofNASAsCuriosityMarsroverobtainedFebruary4,2018showsthevehicleonVeraRubinRidge,whichitsbeeninvestigatingforthepastseveralmonths,directlybehindtheroveristhestartofaclaywherenorthisontheleftandwestisontheright,withGaleCratersrimonthehorizonofbothedges.-’sCuriosityroverhasfoundnewevidencepreservedinrocksonMarsthatsuggeststheplanetcouldhavesupportedancientlife,aswellasnewevidenceintheMart,thesefindingsareagoodsignforfuturemissionsexploringtheplanet’“tough”organicmoleculesinthree-billion-year-oldsedimentaryrocksnearthesurface,aswellasseasonalvariationsinthelevelsofm,andalsomayincludeoxygen,,organicmoleculesalsocanbecreatedbynon-biologicalprocessesandarenotnecessarilyindicatorsoflife.“Withthesenewfindings,Marsistellingustostaythecourseandkeepsearchingforevidenceoflife,”saidThomasZurbuchen,associateadministratorfortheScienceMissionDirectorateatNASAHeadquarters,inWashington.“I’mconfidentthatourongoingandplannedmissionswillunlockevenmorebreathtakingdiscoveriesontheRedPlanet.”

  Thislow-angleself-portraitofNASAsCuriosityMarsrovershowsthevehicleatthesitefromwhichitreacheddowntodrillintoarocktargetcalled"Buckskin"onlowerMountSharp.(Photo/Agencies)NASA’sCuriosityroverhasfoundnewevidencepreservedinrocksonMarsthatsuggeststheplanetcouldhavesupportedancientlife,aswellasnewevidenceintheMart,thesefindingsareagoodsignforfuturemissionsexploringtheplanet’“tough”organicmoleculesinthree-billion-year-oldsedimentaryrocksnearthesurface,aswellasseasonalvariationsinthelevelsofm,andalsomayincludeoxygen,,organicmoleculesalsocanbecreatedbynon-biologicalprocessesandarenotnecessarilyindicatorsoflife.“Withthesenewfindings,Marsistellingustostaythecourseandkeepsearchingforevidenceoflife,”saidThomasZurbuchen,associateadministratorfortheScienceMissionDirectorateatNASAHeadquarters,inWashington.“I’mconfidentthatourongoingandplannedmissionswillunlockevenmorebreathtakingdiscoveriesontheRedPlanet.”Thisself-portraitofNASAsCuriosityMarsroverobtainedFebruary4,2018showsthevehicleonVeraRubinRidge,whichitsbeeninvestigatingforthepastseveralmonths,directlybehindtheroveristhestartofaclaywherenorthisontheleftandwestisontheright,withGaleCratersrimonthehorizonofbothedges.-’sCuriosityroverhasfoundnewevidencepreservedinrocksonMarsthatsuggeststheplanetcouldhavesupportedancientlife,aswellasnewevidenceintheMart,thesefindingsareagoodsignforfuturemissionsexploringtheplanet’“tough”organicmoleculesinthree-billion-year-oldsedimentaryrocksnearthesurface,aswellasseasonalvariationsinthelevelsofm,andalsomayincludeoxygen,,organicmoleculesalsocanbecreatedbynon-biologicalprocessesandarenotnecessarilyindicatorsoflife.“Withthesenewfindings,Marsistellingustostaythecourseandkeepsearchingforevidenceoflife,”saidThomasZurbuchen,associateadministratorfortheScienceMissionDirectorateatNASAHeadquarters,inWashington.“I’mconfidentthatourongoingandplannedmissionswillunlockevenmorebreathtakingdiscoveriesontheRedPlanet.”MaritimepersonneluseadronetopatrolontheHongzeLakeinHuaianofeastChinasJiangsuProvince,May15,,unmannedaerialvehicles(UAVs),es,includingaerialphotography,cropmonitoring,rescuing,,butalsobroadenstheimaginationofChinesepeopletowardsthecomingfuture.(Xinhua/ChenLiang)AnagriculturaldroneworksinthefieldsinBeiguanVillage,LinzhangTownshipofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,April19,,unmannedaerialvehicles(UAVs),es,includingaerialphotography,cropmonitoring,rescuing,,butalsobroadenstheimaginationofChinesepeopletowardsthecomingfuture.(Xinhua/HuGaolei)AnagriculturaldronespraysintherapeseedfieldsinGulingVillage,JiujiangofeastChinasJiangxiProvince,March21,,unmannedaerialvehicles(UAVs),es,includingaerialphotography,cropmonitoring,rescuing,,butalsobroadenstheimaginationofChinesepeopletowardsthecomingfuture.(Xinhua/FuJianbin)Adronedeliversvegetablefromamodernagriculturalparktoane-commercewarehouseinWugongCountyofnorthwestChinasShaanxiProvince,April22,,unmannedaerialvehicles(UAVs),es,includingaerialphotography,cropmonitoring,rescuing,,butalsobroadenstheimaginationofChinesepeopletowardsthecomingfuture.(Xinhua/LiYibo)Arescuedronecapableofbroadcastingandissuingwarnings,patrolsaboveabeachareainSanyaofsouthChinasHainanProvince,May30,,unmannedaerialvehicles(UAVs),es,includingaerialphotography,cropmonitoring,rescuing,,butalsobroadenstheimaginationofChinesepeopletowardsthecomingfuture.(Xinhua/ShaXiaofeng)Visitorswatchademonstrationofadronetakingpicturesduringthe20thChinaBeijingInternationalHigh-techExpo,inBeijing,capitalofChina,June8,,unmannedaerialvehicles(UAVs),es,includingaerialphotography,cropmonitoring,rescuing,,butalsobroadenstheimaginationofChinesepeopletowardsthecomingfuture.(Xinhua/JuHuanzong)AfarmeroperatesadroneforfarmworkinthefieldsinZiboofeastChinasShandongProvince,March14,,unmannedaerialvehicles(UAVs),es,includingaerialphotography,cropmonitoring,rescuing,,butalsobroadenstheimaginationofChinesepeopletowardsthecomingfuture.(Xinhua/CuiLilai)

  FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)FirefightingauthoritiesinChangchunCity,NortheastChina’sJ,assistedbysearchdogsandadvanceddevices,testedtheirknowledgeandskillsinquakeemergencyresponsesthroughdifferentscenarios,suchasremovingbuildingdebriswithmachines.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaXuewen)

  AteacherteachesstudentsbasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)AteacherteachesstudentsbasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)StudentspracticebasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)StudentspracticebasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)AteacherteachesstudentsbasicperformingactionsofChinesedramaataprimaryschoolinNeiqiuCounty,northChinasHebeiProvince,June8,ritingtraditionalChineseculture.(Xinhua/ZhuXudong)

  Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaoJianjun)Dancersperformduringalightshowandfireworksdisplayheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaoJianjun)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/DuYang)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/DuYang)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ShengJiapeng)Dancersperformduringalightshowandfireworksdisplayheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaoJianjun)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ShengJiapeng)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ShengJiapeng)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/DuYang)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangYong)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangYong),capitalofChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)ExamineestakeaselfiewiththeirfamilybeforethenationalcollegeentranceexaminationoutsideanexamvenueinChangchun,northeastChinasJilinProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/LinHong),capitalofChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ShenBohan),eastChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/XuXiaoxuan)ExamineesprepareforthenationalcollegeentranceexaminationoutsidetheexamvenueatFenyangHighSchoolinLyuliangCity,northChinasShanxiProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/CaoYang)ExamineesenteranexamvenueinChangchun,northeastChinasJilinProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/LinHong),capitalofChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)

  

  1978年中国城市人均居住面积比1950年下降多少?

 
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体育全产业,“馅饼”还是“陷阱”?

www.ijjnews.com    福建日报 2019-09-17 15:00
  
ChenZhe,aresearcherwiththeNanjingInstituteofGeologyandPaleontologyattheChineseAcademyofSciences,showstheearliestknownfootprintsleftbyananimalonearth,whichdatebackatleast541millionyears,inNanjing,JiangsuProvince,June7,StatesfoundthetracksintheThreeGorgesareaandpublishedtheirreportintheUSjournalScienceAdvances.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)ChenZhe,aresearcherwiththeNanjingInstituteofGeologyandPaleontologyattheChineseAcademyofSciences,showstheearliestknownfootprintsleftbyananimalonearth,whichdatebackatleast541millionyears,inNanjing,JiangsuProvince,June7,StatesfoundthetracksintheThreeGorgesareaandpublishedtheirreportintheUSjournalScienceAdvances.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)ChenZhe,aresearcherwiththeNanjingInstituteofGeologyandPaleontologyattheChineseAcademyofSciences,showstheearliestknownfootprintsleftbyananimalonearth,whichdatebackatleast541millionyears,inNanjing,JiangsuProvince,June7,StatesfoundthetracksintheThreeGorgesareaandpublishedtheirreportintheUSjournalScienceAdvances.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)ChenZhe,aresearcherwiththeNanjingInstituteofGeologyandPaleontologyattheChineseAcademyofSciences,showstheearliestknownfootprintsleftbyananimalonearth,whichdatebackatleast541millionyears,inNanjing,JiangsuProvince,June7,StatesfoundthetracksintheThreeGorgesareaandpublishedtheirreportintheUSjournalScienceAdvances.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/YangBo)

  向体育全产业领域转型,正逐渐成为晋江鞋服龙头企业的一致性预期和行动。

  前不久,晋江运动鞋服上市企业贵人鸟发布公告称,公司拟以发行股份及支付现金相结合的方式收购威康控股、上海昱羽持有的威康健身100%股权,标的资产的交易价格初步确定为27亿元。至此,贵人鸟的业务进一步扩展到健身领域。三年来,贵人鸟先后成立体育产业基金、入股网站虎扑体育、投资西班牙足球经纪公司BOY等,已由一家传统的运动鞋服制造企业发展成为一家全能型体育产业企业。

  在当下的晋江运动鞋服行业内,安踏、特步、361度等龙头企业均有类似动作或计划。

  那么,该如何看待晋江运动鞋服企业这种转型趋势呢?

  近年来,随着民众生活水平的提升,国内健身和体育消费升级成为趋势,体育产业成为新风口。根据国务院2014年10月发布的《关于加快发展体育产业促进体育消费的若干意见》,目前,全国体育产业产值年均增速保持在20%以上,到2025年,国内体育产业规模总值将达5万亿元。毫无疑问,当下的体育产业,正处在一个快速发展的黄金时期,是一块无可争议的“馅饼”。

  晋江被誉为“中国鞋都”,全球每生产10双运动鞋,其中就有2双产自晋江,全市已拥有国家级体育用品品牌42枚、体育用品上市公司21家。然而,随着体育产业的日益火爆,晋江已不满足体育用品制造城市的角色,而是希望与体育产业进行更深入结合。在这个大背景下,运动鞋服企业追逐体育产业的冲动,并不难理解。

  从目前的情况来看,晋江确实也从这一转型动向中有所斩获。2015年,晋江体育产业的总产值达1100亿元,成为国内第一个体育产业产值超千亿元的城市。

  不过,产值的增长只能说明产业规模的扩张,并不意味着可持续发展。客观地看,在体育产业内部,体育用品制造属于传统制造业,而其他领域多为现代服务业。从制造业进军服务业,这本身就是一种跨界。而选择跨界,某种意义上来说就是选择一种多元化、高成本的发展模式,其过程中也必然会面临一些风险。

  最显而易见的风险无疑就是项目的并购。在向体育全产业领域进军的过程中,晋江运动鞋服企业的并购往往是高溢价完成,造成巨额财务成本。这些新兴体育产业项目的运行,在人才、技术、管理等方面又门槛极高,对运动鞋服制造企业来说挑战巨大。项目完成并购后,一旦后续运营无法达到预期效果,并购发起方很有可能会“吃不到馅饼而掉入陷阱”。

  以龙头企业贵人鸟为例,其在体育产业方面的探索起步早、声势大,但据其2016年第三季度报告显示,该公司营业收入13.78亿元,同比下滑1.68%;净利润1.78亿元,同比下滑12.93%,并且主

  要收入来源仍是运动鞋服产品的销售,其他投资项目的收益仅占到很小的一部分。从这些数据中可以看出,公司转型效果到目前为止并不明显,频繁的并购动作也让财务压力陡增。

  作为一家上市公司,贵人鸟在探索体育全产业方面的“出师不利”也直接体现在股价上。目前,贵人鸟股价已从2015年最高的69元跌至21元,市值蒸发三分之二有余。

  当然,从产业经济发展规律看,体育产业投资回报周期往往长达5—8年,两三年内看不到成效尚属正常。转型成功与否,还需要更长的时间来检验。但是,夜长梦多,体育用品制造企业在跨界布局体育全产业之前,仍需充分重视漫长的投资回报周期中可能出现的各类风险,提前应对和防范,做到有备而无患。

  当下,包括运动鞋服在内的传统制造业转型迫在眉睫。压力之下,晋江的运动鞋服企业拿出了向全体育产业转型的勇气和动作,无论如何都是令人敬佩的。推而广之,眼下,各行各业只有涌现出主动求变的企业,才有可能探出更多的发展新路,从而带动产业经济实现转型。

(记者 何金)

标签:体育
稿源:  福建日报  编辑: 李加茵李加茵 [打印] 
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